Theoretical Bases Of Local Government

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

 

  • Levan T. Chixladze - Doctor of Law, Head of the Department of Municipal Law at the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia;
  • Nikita N. Sokolov - Doctor of Philosophy (Law), General Counsel of the Department of Legal Support of Corporate Business, Legal Management at the Sberbank of Russia
Abstract: 
In the article features of main of theories of local government are considered. Concepts of each theory are analyzed. Centuries-old practice of the realization of ideas of local government in various models generated need of scientific and world outlook judgment of the received results. Despite the identity of the purposes, each of doctrines and concepts in own way defines rational forms of interdependence and interaction of the state and society with institutes of local government. Thus in the comparative analysis of each theories it becomes clear that the orientation of the corresponding concept is in one way or another caused by historical, social, political circumstances and need of correction during their formation. In Russia publications on problems of interaction of the authorities in the system of public administration appeared in the middle of the XIX century, during discussion of the concept of liberalization of public administration, i.e. introductions of territorial (self-administrative) establishments. Here the special attention is paid to the public and state theory of local government. Both make doctrinal basis of municipal reforms of the XIX-XX centuries. That is remarkable that municipal reform of the XXI century is the cornerstone the dualism doctrine.
Keywords: 

public theory of local government, state theory of local government, theory of dualism, local government, local management, municipal reform.

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