Federal Law "On Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation": Conditions of Adoption and Development Trends

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Laws, Professor, Professor of the Academy of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation

Abstract: 

Adoption of the Federal Law "On Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation" in 1992 took place in a tough fight in the time of privatization and restructuring. At this time, revealed numerous violations. Prosecution authorities stood on the position of the rule of law and the interests of the state, has become a serious obstacle to the forces that destroy the state and its economy. In the 90 years of the twentieth century, the prosecutor's office declined status in the society, which is reflected in the text of the new Constitution of the Russian Federation (1993), containing only one, 129 article devoted to the prosecuting authorities, while there were five (Article in the Constitution of the USSR of such articles . 164, 165, 166, 167, 168). Also, the law "On the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation" does not include an article on the problems of supervision in this direction, as well as Art. 30 "to arrest". These changes to the law the prosecutor's office indicate the desire of the legislator to downplay the independence of the prosecution and its role in countering the massive violation of the law of the initial period of "perestroika". The role of politics in the legal regulation of the activities of the prosecutor's office is determined by the law "On the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation" and the insertion in the amended. The activities of the prosecution authorities, the powers of prosecutors are regulated by criminal procedure, civil procedure, arbitration procedure and other legislation, which varies due to the effects of many political reasons.

Keywords: 

prosecutorial activities, political interests of the state, legal regulation, prosecution authorities, prosecutors, social values, social and political changes, goals and directions of the prosecutor's work.

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